Farnese ceiling, Palazzo Farnese, Rome

Farnese ceiling, Palazzo Farnese, Rome
(c. 1597-1600)
   Commissioned by Cardinal Odoardo Farnese from Annibale Carracci for his newly built Palazzo Farnese in Rome. The subject of the Farnese ceiling is the loves of the gods, the inspiration for its overall arrangement being Michelangelo's Sistine ceiling (1508-1512; Vatican). As in the prototype, the Farnese ceiling consists of a painted architectural framework or quadratura that divides the scenes into three coherent bands and includes nude figures and medallions. The work was meant to harmonize as well with Raphael's mythological frescoes (1513-1518) in the Villa Farnesina across the Tiber River, by now also owned by the Farnese family. Using a quadro riportato technique, the artist placed the Triumph of Bacchus in the center. It shows the god of wine and his consort, Ariadne, in procession with bacchants and satyrs around them in a frenzied revelry. Following Giovan Pietro Bellori's interpretation, the image is seen as a Neoplatonic allegory of divine love triumphing over its earthly counterpart. Among the most notable secondary scenes are Venus and Anchises and Polyphemus and Galatea. The first is accompanied by an inscription that reads "this was the beginning of Rome," referring to the birth of Aeneas, founder of the Latin race, from their union. The scene is eroticized by Anchises' removal of the goddess' sandal and her Venus Pudica pose that indicates her hesitancy to give in to the advances of a mere mortal. In Polyphemus and Galatea, the theme is unrequited love as the nymph ridicules the Cyclops for wooing her. Because Galatea loves Acis, Polyphemus kills his contender with a rock, a scene also frescoed on the ceiling. Other scenes include Cephalus and Aurora, which is believed to have been executed by Agostino Carracci who assisted Annibale; Diana and Pan; Hercules and Iole; Dedalus and Icarus; Diana and Callisto; Mercury and Apollo; and Arion and the Dolphin.
   The Farnese ceiling is one of the greatest masterpieces of the early Baroque era. As part of the decorations of a cardinal's palace, its blatant sensuality has prompted intense discussion among scholars regarding the frescoes' intended meaning. The ceiling was already recognized as a masterpiece during Annibale's lifetime and wielded tremendous influence on artists active in the 17th century. Both Aurora ceilings by Guido Reni (1613; Rome, Casino Rospigliosi) and Guercino (1621; Rome, Casino Ludovisi) owe their compositions to Annibale's work.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Palazzo Farnese, Rome — (c. 1513 c. 1589)    Commissioned from Antonio da Sangallo the Younger by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese who in 1534 was elected to the papal throne as Paul III. After his election, the pope asked Sangallo to modify the original design to create a… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Rome — For the civilization of classical antiquity, see Ancient Rome. For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). Rome Roma    …   Wikipedia

  • Rome — • The significance of Rome lies primarily in the fact that it is the city of the pope Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Rome     Rome     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Palazzo Barberini — is a palace in Rome, on the piazza of the same name in Rione Trevi.The sloping site had formerly been occupied by a garden vineyard of the Sforza family, in which a palazzetto had been built in 1549. The sloping site had passed from one cardinal… …   Wikipedia

  • Rome — /rohm/, n. 1. Harold (Jacob), born 1908, U.S. lyricist and composer. 2. Italian, Roma. a city in and the capital of Italy, in the central part, on the Tiber: ancient capital of the Roman Empire; site of Vatican City, seat of authority of the… …   Universalium

  • Palazzo Trinci — The Trinci Palace is a patrician residence in the Piazza della Repubblica in the center of Foligno, Italy. It houses an archaeological museum, the city s picture gallery, a multimedia museum of Tournaments and Jousts and the Civic Museum. History …   Wikipedia

  • Illusionistic ceiling painting — The illustionistic perspective of Andrea Pozzo s trompe l oeil dome at Sant Ignazio (1685) creates an illusion of an actual architectural space on what is, in actuality, a slightly concave painted surface. Illusionistic ceiling painting, which… …   Wikipedia

  • Villa Farnese — The Villa Farnese, also known as Palazzo Farnese or Villa Caprarola, is a mansion in the town of Caprarola in the province of Viterbo, Northern Latium, Italy approximately 50 kilometres (35 miles) north west of Rome. It should not be confused… …   Wikipedia

  • Odoardo Farnese (cardinal) — Portrait by Annibale Caracci. Odoardo Farnese (6 December 1573 – 21 February 1626) was an Italian nobleman, the second son of Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma and Maria of Portugal, known for his patronage of the arts. He became a Cardinal of… …   Wikipedia

  • Annibale Carracci — (November 3, 1560 July 15, 1609) was an Italian Baroque painter.Early careerAnnibale Carracci was born in Bologna, and in all likelihood first apprenticed within his family. In 1582, Annibale, his brother Agostino, and his cousin Ludovico… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”